- Central Cleverness Institution – The nation Factbook – South Korea
- Federal Geographical Kids – Places – Southern Korea
- China Society – Cardiovascular system to possess In the world Knowledge – Korean Background and you can Governmental Topography
- Official Tourism Web site away from South Korea
- globalEDGE – Southern Korea
- Southern area Korea – Children’s Encyclopedia (Many years 8-11)
- Southern area Korea – Scholar Encyclopedia (Age eleven and up)
Southern area Korea, country in East Asia. The country is actually bordered by Popular Mans Republic out-of Korea (North Korea) on the northern, the newest Eastern Sea (Water away from Japan) for the east, the brand new East China Water south, as well as the Red-colored Water on west; with the the southern part of it is split up about Japanese island of Tsushima by the Korea Strait. South Korea makes up about forty-five per cent of one’s peninsula’s home town. The main city is actually Seoul (Soul).
Southern Korea faces North Korea round the good demilitarized zone (DMZ) 2.5 miles (cuatro kilometres) large which was founded by the regards to this new 1953 armistice one to ended assaulting on Korean Combat (1950–53). Brand new DMZ, and that runs for around 150 kilometers (240 kilometres), comprises the newest 1953 military cease-flame range and approximately uses latitude 38° N (brand new 38th synchronous) from the throat of one’s Han Lake towards western coast of Korean peninsula to a little south of your own Northern Korean city of Kosong on the east coastline.
Geologically dominicancupid alternatif, Southern Korea is made up within the higher section of Precambrian stones (i.age., more than regarding 540 million years old) such granite and you may gneiss. The nation is simply mountainous, having quick valleys and you can thin seaside plains. The latest T’aebaek Mountains run in more or less a northern-southern area guidelines across the eastern coastline and you will northward toward North Korea, developing the nation’s water drainage split. From their store numerous hill range part out of which have an effective northeast-southwestern positioning. Initial of these are definitely the Sobaek Mountains, and therefore undulate into the a long S-figure along side peninsula. Nothing out of Southern area Korea’s slopes have become high: this new T’aebaek Slopes visited a level of five,604 base (step one,708 yards) from the Attach Sorak throughout the northeast, therefore the Sobaek Mountains visited 6,283 legs (step 1,915 metres) on Mount Chiri. The highest top when you look at the Southern area Korea, the new extinct volcano Mount Halla to the Cheju Island, is actually 6,398 legs (1,950 yards) a lot more than sea level.
Southern Korea possess a couple volcanic countries-Cheju (Jeju), from the peninsula’s southern suggestion, and Ullung, about 85 miles (140 kilometres) eastern of one’s mainland regarding Eastern Sea-and you can a little-scale lava plateau when you look at the Kangwon state. At the same time, Southern Korea claims and you will takes up a small grouping of rocky islets-identified variously as the Liancourt Rocks, Tok (Dok) Islands (Korean), and take Islands (Japanese)-particular 55 miles (85 km) the southern part of of Ullung Isle; such islets also have started reported from the The japanese.
Discover quite detailed lowlands across the straight down parts of the fresh country’s head streams. The fresh new east shore is relatively straight, whereas the brand new western and you can southern area have really difficult ria (we.e., creek-indented) coastlines with several countries. New superficial Reddish Water as well as the state-of-the-art Korean coastline build that of the very obvious tidal variations in the world-regarding the 29 foot (nine yards) restrict from the Inch’on (Incheon), the latest admission port getting Seoul.
Southern area Korea’s around three prominent streams, the latest Han, Kum, and you can Naktong, every provides the source on the T’aebaek Mountains, as well as circulate involving the selections before typing the lowland plains. Many of the country’s rivers flow westward otherwise southward on the possibly the newest Purple Water or perhaps the Eastern China Water; never assume all small, quick rivers sink eastward on the T’aebaek Mountains. New Naktong Lake, South Korea’s longest, runs southward for 325 kilometers (523 kilometres) on Korea Strait. Streamflow is highly changeable, becoming best during the moist summer-time and you may considerably less when you look at the the newest relatively deceased winter season.
Most of Southern Korea’s soils result of stone and gneiss. Exotic and you can brownish-colored grounds are, and therefore are basically better-leached and now have absolutely nothing humus content. Podzolic earth (ash-grey forest earth), due to frigid weather of your enough time winter, are located in the highlands.
The most effective affect the newest weather of the Korean peninsula was its proximity for the chief Western landmass. That it provides the newest designated june-cold weather temperatures extremes out-of an effective continental weather while also starting the fresh new northeast Far eastern monsoons (seasonal gusts of wind) that affect rain designs. This new yearly a number of weather is better about northern and you can for the interior aspects of the fresh peninsula than in the fresh southern and you may along the coast, reflecting the relative lowering of continental impacts from the latter areas.
Southern area Korea’s climate is described as a cold, relatively dead winter months and an attractive, moist june. The brand new coldest average month-to-month temperature in winter lose below cold except along side southern area shore. The average January heat on Seoul is within the lowest twenties °F (in the ?5 °C), due to the fact corresponding average in the Pusan (Busan), on the the southern part of coast, is within the middle-30s °F (about dos °C). In comparison, summer temperatures was apparently consistent across the country, the average monthly temperature to own August (this new warmest times) staying in brand new high 1970s °F (on the twenty five °C).
Yearly precipitation ranges from about 35 to sixty in (900 to one,five hundred mm) toward mainland. Taegu, for the east coastline, is the driest city, because the southern coast ‘s the wettest; southern Cheju Island obtains more than 70 ins (step 1,800 mm) annually. Doing around three-fifths of one’s annual precipitation was acquired during the Summer–August, during the summer monsoon, brand new yearly shipment getting far more inside the ultimate southern area. Occasionally, late-june typhoons (tropical cyclones) result in hefty shower enclosures and you may storms along side southern area shore. Precipitation when you look at the winter season falls primarily as the snow, on heaviest amounts going on regarding T’aebaek Hills. The latest freeze-100 % free 12 months ranges of 170 months regarding northern highlands so you’re able to more 240 days toward Cheju Area.