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PRODUCTION OF ARTIFICIAL COLOSTRUM TO REDUCE CALF MORTALITY AND INCREASE THEIR PERFORMANCE

Introduction.

Colostrum refers to the first milk produced by mammals in the first 2-3 days after giving birth.

About artificial colostrums (AC).

A newborn calf has essentially no ability to fight disease. To build its immune system it must consume colostrum (first milk) from its mother. Colostrum contains immunoglobulin that moves across the intestinal wall to build immunity. Known as passive transfer. The calf’s ability to absorb rapidly declines to nearly 0% at 24 hours of age. This is why it is so important that a calf nurses within a few hours of birth. In addition to building immunity, colostrum is a source of protein, energy, vitamins, minerals and natural growth promo ants.

History about Artificial Colostrum (AC).

In recent decades Western scientists have comprehensively analyzed the various components of colostrum—that incredible “first milk” produced by lactating mammals. Their investigations of this unique product have verified what mothers have known intuitively for thousands of years. That is, it is extremely rich in a large range of immune-boosting and healing substances.

Studies have shown that colostrum isn’t only good for newborns: it can also be of great benefit to adults. Furthermore, bovine colostrum, which can be obtained in commercial quantities, has been found to be almost identical to human colostrum in terms of its beneficial components. In addition, it is four times richer in immune factors and contains some special compounds that protect the active ingredients from the destructive effects of the human digestive system, thus allowing them to remain active for a longer period.

But, again, this only confirms what various peoples have been aware of for centuries. Ayurvedic physicians from India have long known of colostrum properties, and have used it for both physical and spiritual healing for over 2000 years. Thousands of miles away, Scandinavians traditionally celebrated the birth of calves with a health-enhancing pudding made from colostrum.

By the late 18th century, Western medicine started to take an interest in colostrum for its potential health benefits. As a consequence, it began to be prescribed for several purposes, including immune system enhancement and for fighting bacterial infections. It was still popular for the latter use until the development of penicillin and other artificial antibiotics in the 20th century.

In 1950, Dr. Albert Sabin, who eventually went on to develop the world’s most successful polio vaccine, found that bovine colostrum contained antibodies to polio and therefore recommended the use of colostrum for susceptible children. Another popular use of colostrum in the 1950s was for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

There have now been over 2000 scientific articles published that document the safety and efficacy of using colostrum to treat a wide range of conditions. This perfect foodstuff has also been shown to be non-species specific, with bovine colostrum being equally useful and side-effect free for many mammal species.

Problems

  • High calf mortality.
  • Poor performance of the calf in terms of growth rate, resistance to diseases.

Root Causes;

  1. Death of the damp (mother cow).
  2. Failure of milk let down especially in heifers.

Effects;

  1. It leads to production of poor quality young ones.
  2. Increases the cost of production.
  3. It leads to losses to the farmers especially to commercial farmers.

Solution\ Way forward;

  • Teaching farmers how to make and use Artificial Colostrum.

Time Frame;

For proper hygiene it’s better to prepare it with in less than 30 minutes and after that it should be discarded.

Objectives;

  • To teach farmers the skills of making artificial colostrum
  • To promote the better calf’s immunity.
  • To increase the growth rate in orphaned calves.
  • To demonstrate the values of artificial colostrum.

 Data collection.

In the study I carried out at home in Namulesa at my ground mother’s farm I discovered that there has been high mortality rate of calves.

According to my ground mother Mrs.Muchake says that the major cause of this is when the dam fails to produce milk in the first 12 hours. Calves become weak and doctors always administer drugs which in most cases make them weaker and helpless because they are strong which may lead to death..

At times calves die when lose their mothers before suckling she added. This occurs when they have no alternative foster mother(s).

When I shared this with my teachers they assured me that the problem has a solution which is non other than making artificial colostrums which they said that they have ever used and it ever worked for them work. I hence reseached and disccovered that there is a solution to this and thus came up with my project which is addressing the problem at hand

Resources / materials

  1. Fresh milk. It contains calcium, a mineral essential for healthy bones and teeth. Cow’s milk is fortified with vitamin D, which also benefits bone health. Calcium and vitamin D help to prevent osteoporosis.
  2. Fresh eggs; whose egg white/ albumen contain albumins, mucoproteins, and globulins.  This produces antibodies for fighting against diseases.
  3. Warm boiled water of about 37-39oC
  4. Cod-liver oil; it provides animal fats. it is also laxative i.e. it prevents constipation
  5. cooking oil; it is an Anti-inflammatory, Antimicrobial, Moisturizer , Cleansing agent:  
  6. A cup of 500ml/ measuring cylinder or beaker for measuring the quantity of water and milk.
  7. A bucket, it is where the made colostrum is put before and during animal/calf feeding.
  8. A jug; it is where the contents are mixed or prepared from.
  9. Detergent; washing the hands and bacteria before feeding the calf
  10. A spoon, For measuring castor oil and cod liver oil.
  11. A thermometer; For measuring the temperature of the water.
  12. A flask. This keeps water warm and maintains the temperature.

Procedure for making artficial colostrum;

  • Whip a fresh egg in 0.86litre of water.
  • Break the egg and put the content into jug and stir thoroughly to get a uniform mixture.
  • Add 1 teaspoonful of cod liver oil
  • Add 1 teaspoonful of castor oil
  • Add  (500mls) 1/2 litre of fresh milk
  •  Add 500mls (1/2 litres) of warm water
  • Mix the content thoroughly using a spoon.

In conclusion, artificial colostrum is very good alternatively from available resources so we have no worries using it especially if you don’t want to lose orphaned calves without foster mothers.

References;

wikipedia the free encyclopedia.

“Development of intestinal immunoglobulins absorption and enzyme activities in neonatal pigs is diet dependent”. J. Nutr. 131: 3259–3265.

Word of mouth

Longhorn secondary agriculture (2005) development  by David Mwangi

https the organic farmer/org/articles/care

https/www nation co ke seeds of gold

https the jstor org. stable 25556230

BY KIRABO GRACE

November 19, 2020

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