Development Assignment

  • 1.
    Dr. Matsuko’s major research interest is the long-term effects of child-rearing practices on the psychological adjustment of offspring. It is most likely that Dr. Matsuko is a(n) ________ psychologist.
    • A.

      Cognitive

    • B.

      Developmental

    • C.

      Behavioral

    • D.

      Psychodynamic

    • E.

      Educational

  • 2.
    The notion that development occurs in stages
    • A.

      Assumes the learning perspective

    • B.

      Is supported by interactionist theory

    • C.

      Is consistent with the process of cumulative action

    • D.

      Assumes that behavior is mainly determined by behavior

    • E.

      Endorses the discontinuity view

  • 3.
    The correct order of the three stages of human prenatal development are
    • A.

      Differentiation, implantation, strengthening

    • B.

      Embryo, zygote, fetus

    • C.

      Placental, umbilical, embryonic

    • D.

      Embryonic, placental, umbilical

    • E.

      Zygote, embryo, fetus

  • 4.
    Among the most common teratogens are
    • A.

      Clay and pebbles

    • B.

      Nicotine and alcohol

    • C.

      Morphemes and phonemes

    • D.

      Caffeine and glucose

    • E.

      LSD and thalidomide

  • 5.
    The intense, enduring, social-emotional relationship that develops between a child and a caregiver is termed
    • A.

      Imprinting

    • B.

      Intimacy

    • C.

      Attachment

    • D.

      Menarche

    • E.

      Temperament

  • 6.
    In the Looney Toons cartoon, when the little Chick follows Fog Horn Leg Horn around, believing that he is the chicks mother, __________ could be said to have taken place.
    • A.

      Menarche

    • B.

      Imprinting

    • C.

      Assimilation

    • D.

      Centration

    • E.

      Discontinuity

  • 7.
    The importance of schemas was most clearly highlighted by:
    • A.

      Erikson’s psychosocial development theory.

    • B.

      Piaget’s cognitive development theory.

    • C.

      Harlow’s attachment theory.

    • D.

      Kohlberg’s moral development theory.

  • 8.
    After Nadia learned that penguins can’t fly, she had to modify her existing concept of birds. This best illustrates the process of:
    • A.

      Conservation

    • B.

      Attachment

    • C.

      Assimilation

    • D.

      Habituation

    • E.

      Accommodation

  • 9.
    Joey is watching a horse race.  He knows that his dog at home has four legs, a tail, and fur.  When he sees the horses, he shouts out “Doggies.”  Joey is demonstrating
    • A.

      Assimilation

    • B.

      Accommodation

    • C.

      Conservation

    • D.

      Irreversibility

  • 10.
    The correct sequence of Piaget’s stages of cognitive development are
    • A.

      Preoperational, sensorimotor, concrete operational, formal operational

    • B.

      Preoperational, concrete operational, sensorimotor, formal operational

    • C.

      Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational

    • D.

      Sensorimotor, preoperational, conventional, postconventional

  • 11.
    Johnny is playing in his crib when his teddy bear Mr. Peeps falls under the crib.  Johnny cries knowing that Mr. Peeps exists somewhere.  Johnny is demonstrating
    • A.

      Centration

    • B.

      Object permanence

    • C.

      Reversibility

    • D.

      Egocentrism

  • 12.
    Two closed, pyramid-shaped beakers containing clearly identical amounts of a liquid are suddenly judged by a child to hold different amounts after one of the beakers is inverted. The child apparently lacks a:
    • A.

      Sense of object permanence.

    • B.

      Concept of conservation.

    • C.

      Capacity for habituation.

    • D.

      Secure attachment.

  • 13.
    Eddie’s parents often include him in decisions such as curfew and chores around the house.  Once a decision is made, the rules are enforced.  Eddie’s parents are using a(n)______ parenting style.
    • A.

      Authoritative

    • B.

      Authoritarian

    • C.

      Permissive

    • D.

      Uninvolved

  • 14.
    The first stage of Erikson’s psychosocial theory involves an infant’s need to
    DiscussAs
    • A.

      Develop a basic sense of trust.

    • B.

      Explore and manipulate objects.

    • C.

      Initiate intellectual or motor tasks.

    • D.

      Receive food necessary for survival.

  • 15.
    Which of Piaget’s stages is associated with adolescence?
    • A.

      Sensorimotor

    • B.

      Formal operational

    • C.

      Preoperational

    • D.

      Concrete operational

  • 16.
    Jarred thinks he should obey his teachers only if they are carefully watching him. Kohlberg would suggest that Jarred demonstrates a(n) ________ morality.
    • A.

      Conventional

    • B.

      Unconventional

    • C.

      Preconventional

    • D.

      Postconventional

  • 17.
    The process of developing a sense of identity during adolescence was highlighted by:
    Discuss
    • A.

      Erikson’s psychosocial development theory.

    • B.

      Piaget’s cognitive development theory.

    • C.

      Kohlberg’s moral development theory.

    • D.

      Harlow’s attachment theory.

  • 18.
    Which of the following is the best research method for developmental psychologists?
    • A.

      Case study

    • B.

      Experiment

    • C.

      Survey

    • D.

      Longitudinal study

    • E.

      Cross-sectional

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