By the end of the lesson you should be able to:
- identify all the farm tools and equipment
- describe the use of various tools and equipment appropriately
- explain appropriate maintenance practices on tools and equipment
- demonstrate full appreciation for care and maintenance of tools
- name various parts of farm tools and equipment.
These include simple instruments held in the hand to perform a particular operation and equipment are more complicated and specific to given operations. In this lesson they are classified as follows Garden tools and equipment are used in crop production operations.
Livestock tools and equipment are used in livestock management practices
Plumbing tools and equipment are used for fitting and repairing water systems.
Masonry tools and equipment are used for construction using stones, bricks and concrete.
Workshop tools and equipment are used for construction and maintenance of farm tools, equipments and structures.
Uses of garden tools and equipment
There are many field management practices that are done on crops, such as pruning, pest and disease control, watering among others.
The effectiveness and efficiency of these practices require the use of appropriate tools and equipment.
Curved blade panga
Used for cutting grass, weeding and slashing.
N/B slashing means making a sweeping cut
Used for felling trees
Used for removing roots and large stones
Used for cultivating land or weeding crops
Used for removing roots and large stones,
Breaking heavy soils,
Digging hard soils.
Used for lifting soil
Used for transporting heavy loads in the farm
Used for irrigating seedling in the nursery
N/B: irrigation is the sufficient application of water to plants artificially
Used for weighing farm produce in small quantities
Used for leveling prepared land
Removing weeds from the farm
Used for making holes and soil sampling
Used for spraying chemical solutions
N/B:spray means liquid sent in the air in tiny drops
Used for irrigating plants overhead
Used when moving water in the farm for animals or plants
Used for trimming hedges and shrubs
Used for pruning soft branches of trees
Used for lifting seedling from the nursery bed
Uses of Plumbing tools and equipment
These are the tools and equipment used for wide range
of plumbing work e.g. maintenance of pipe system in the farm.
Spanners:- For tightening and loosening bolts and nuts of different sizes
For tightening or loosening the fittings
For cutting metallic pipes and putting threads on pipes
to ease joining of pipes
For cutting metallic pipes before threading
Maintenance of plumbing tools and equipment
General methods of maintenance practices include.
Cleaning after use
Sharpening the cutting edges when blunt
Tightening loose parts
Application of used engine oil to prevent rusting
Replacing worn out parts
Repairing damaged parts
Lubricating moving parts to reduce friction
Painting metallic parts
Reasons for maintaining tools and equipment
To increase durability
To reduce replacements cost
To increase efficiency
To avoid damage to the tool
To avoid injury to the user
FARM TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Uses of masonry tools and equipment
These are the tools and equipment used for wide range of masonry work during construction or demolition.
Mixing and scooping concrete or mortar during construction
Used to determine horizontal straightness when laying out stones or bricks
Used to crash stones into small pieces
Used to scoop and apply mortar when laying out bricks and stones. Mortar is a mixture of sand and cement together with water.
Used for smoothening mortar when plastering walls or floors
Metal /steel float
Used for smoothening cement or concrete during plastering. Concrete is a mixture of sand ,cement, gravel or ballast with water
Ascertain verticalness/straightness when constructing a tall wall.
Used with a theodolite to measure distances in the leveling of land.
A theodolite is an instrument used by surveyors for measuring angles.
Used to determine right angles when laying out bricks or stone for wall construction
Functions of stir-up pump parts
1 . Handle- it is the one held when plumbing
2 . Air vessel– sucking in air to create vacuum
3 . Leg and foot-stepping on to support the pump while pumping
4 . Barrel- allow the movement of the piston up and down
5 . Foot and valve strainer-suck in and sieve the liquid
6 . Delivery hose-delivers the liquid from the gland to the trigger control unit
7 . Lance handle-held by hand to direct the spray liquid to the target
8 . Trigger control- opened and closed to control the outlet of the spray liquid.
Reasons for maintaining tools and equipment
(i.) To increase durability
(ii.) To reduce replacements cost
(iii.) To increase efficiency
(iv.) To avoid damage to the tool
(v.) To avoid injury to the user.