Farm Equipment and Tool

Lesson objectives

By the end of the lesson you should be able to:

  • identify all the farm tools and equipment
  • describe the use of various tools and equipment appropriately
  • explain appropriate maintenance practices on tools and equipment
  • demonstrate full appreciation for care and maintenance of tools
  • name various parts of farm tools and equipment.

These include simple instruments held in the hand to perform a particular operation and equipment are more complicated and specific to given operations. In this lesson they are classified as follows Garden tools and equipment are used in crop production operations.

Livestock tools and equipment are used in livestock management practices
Plumbing tools and equipment are used for fitting and repairing water systems.

Masonry tools and equipment are used for construction using stones, bricks and concrete. 

Workshop tools and equipment are used for construction and maintenance of farm tools, equipments and structures.

Uses of garden tools and equipment

There are many field management practices that are done on crops, such as pruning, pest and disease control, watering among others.
The effectiveness and efficiency of these practices require the use of appropriate tools and equipment.

Curved blade panga

Used for cutting grass, weeding and slashing.
N/B slashing means making a sweeping cut

Axe

Used for felling trees

 

Mattock

Used for removing roots and large stones

BladeJembe/Hoe

Used for cultivating land or weeding crops

Fork jembe

Used for removing roots and large stones,
Breaking heavy soils,
Digging hard soils.

Shovel

Used for lifting soil
Applying manure

 

Wheelbarrow

Used for transporting heavy loads in the farm

Watering can

Used for irrigating seedling in the nursery
N/B: irrigation is the sufficient application of water to plants artificially

Spring balance

Used for weighing farm produce in small quantities

Used for leveling prepared land
Removing weeds from the farm

 

Soil auger

Used for making holes and soil sampling

Knapsack sprayer

Used for spraying chemical solutions
N/B:spray means liquid sent in the air in tiny drops

Sprinklers

Used for irrigating plants overhead

Hose pipe

Used when moving water in the farm for animals or plants

Garden shear

Used for trimming hedges and shrubs

Secateurs

Used for pruning soft branches of trees

 

Used for lifting seedling from the nursery bed

Uses of Plumbing tools and equipment
These are the tools and equipment used for wide range

of plumbing work e.g. maintenance of pipe system in the farm.

Spanners:- For tightening and loosening bolts and nuts of different sizes

Pipe wrench

For tightening or loosening the fittings

Pipe cutter

For cutting metallic pipes and putting threads on pipes

to ease joining of pipes

Hacksaw

For cutting metallic pipes before threading

Maintenance of plumbing tools and equipment
General methods of maintenance practices include.

Cleaning after use

Sharpening the cutting edges when blunt

Tightening loose parts

Application of used engine oil to prevent rusting

Replacing worn out parts

Repairing damaged parts

Lubricating moving parts to reduce friction

Proper storage

Painting metallic parts

 

Reasons for maintaining tools and equipment

To increase durability

To reduce replacements cost

To increase efficiency

To avoid damage to the tool

To avoid injury to the user

FARM TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

Uses of masonry tools and equipment

These are the tools and equipment used for wide range of masonry work during construction or demolition.

Shovel

Mixing and scooping concrete or mortar during construction

 

Spirit level

Used to determine horizontal straightness when laying out stones or bricks

 

Sledge hammer

Used to crash stones into small pieces

Masons trowel

Used to scoop and apply mortar when laying out bricks and stones. Mortar is a mixture of sand and cement together with water.

 

Wood float

Used for smoothening mortar when plastering walls or floors

 

Metal /steel float

Used for smoothening cement or concrete during plastering. Concrete is a mixture of sand ,cement, gravel or ballast with water

Plumb bob

Ascertain verticalness/straightness when constructing a tall wall.

 

Leveling rod

Used with a theodolite to measure distances in the leveling of land.

A theodolite is an instrument used by surveyors for measuring angles.

Mason’s square

Used to determine right angles when laying out bricks or stone for wall construction

Functions of stir-up pump parts

1 . Handle- it is the one held when plumbing

2 . Air vessel– sucking in air to create vacuum

3 . Leg and foot-stepping on to support the pump while pumping

4 . Barrel- allow the movement of the piston up and down

5 . Foot and valve strainer-suck in and sieve the liquid

6 . Delivery hose-delivers the liquid from the gland to the trigger control unit

7 . Lance handle-held by hand to direct the spray liquid to the target

8 . Trigger control- opened and closed to control the outlet of the spray liquid.

Reasons for maintaining tools and equipment

(i.) To increase durability

(ii.) To reduce replacements cost

(iii.) To increase efficiency

(iv.) To avoid damage to the tool

(v.) To avoid injury to the user.

ASSIGNMENT : Farm Equipment and Tool Assignment MARKS : 10  DURATION : 1 week, 3 days

 

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