Factors to Consider for Selection of Crops

By selecting the right crop for the given soil conditions and climate, one can optimise yields and save water requirements for irrigation.

Key requirements for Improving Productivity

Increase in productivity and profitability can be achieved through:

  • Blending practical knowledge with scientific technologies
  • Efficient use of natural resources
  • Adopting time-specific management practices
  • Giving priority for quality-driven production
  • Adopting suitable farming systems
  • Adoption of location-specific technology
  • Market demand drove production
  • Adopting low cost and no cost technologies

Factors influencing decisions on the selection of crops & cropping system

Farmers need to answer all the below questions while making decisions for choosing a crop/ cropping pattern. During this decision-making process, farmers cross-check the suitability of proposed crop/cropping systems with their existing resources and other conditions. Thereby, they justify choosing or rejecting a crop/cropping systems. This process enables the farmers to undertake a SWOT analysis internally which in turn guides them to take an appropriate decision.

  1. Climatic factors – Is the crop/cropping system suitable for local weather parameters such as temperature, rainfall, sunshine hours, relative humidity, wind velocity, wind direction, seasons and agro-ecological situations?
  2. Soil conditions – Is the crop/cropping system suitable for local soil type, pH and soil fertility?
  3. Water
    • Do you have adequate water source like a tank, wells, dams, etc.?
    • Do you receive adequate rainfall?
    • Is the distribution of rainfall suitable to grow identified crops?
    • Is water quality suitable?
    • Is electricity available for lifting the water?
    • Do you have pump sets, micro-irrigation systems?
  4. Cropping system options
    • Do you have the opportunity to go for inter-cropping, mixed cropping, multi-storeyed cropping, relay cropping, crop rotation, etc.?
    • Do you have the knowledge of cropping systems management?
  5. Past and present experiences of farmers
    • What were your previous experiences with regard to the crop/cropping systems that you are planning to choose?
    • What is the opinion of your friends, relatives and neighbours on proposed crop/cropping systems?
  6. Expected profit and risk
    • How much profit are you expecting from the proposed crop/cropping system?
    • Whether this profit is better than the existing crop/cropping system?
    • What are the risks you are anticipating in the proposed crop/cropping system?
    • Do you have the solution?
    • Can you manage the risks?
    • Is it worth to take the risks for anticipated profits?
  7. Economic conditions of farmers including landholding
      • Are the proposed crop/cropping systems suitable for your size of landholding?
      • Are your financial resources adequate to manage the proposed crop/cropping system?
      • If not, can you mobilize financial resources through alternative routes?

  8. Labour availability and mechanization potential
    • Can you manage the proposed crop/cropping system through your family labour?
    • If not, do you have adequate labours to manage the same?
    • Is family/hired labour equipped to handle the proposed crop/cropping system?
    • Are there any mechanization options to substitute the labour?
    • Is the machinery available? Affordable? Cost-effective?
    • Is family/hired labour equipped to handle the machinery?
  9. Technology availability and suitability
    • Is the proposed crop/cropping system suitable?
    • Do you have technologies for the proposed crop/cropping system?
    • Do you have extension access to get the technologies?
    • Are technologies economically feasible and technically viable?
    • Are technologies complex or user-friendly?
  10. Market demand and availability of market infrastructure
    • Are the crops proposed in market demand?
    • Do you have market infrastructure to sell your produce?
    • Do you have organized marketing system to reduce the intermediaries?
    • Do you have answers for questions such as where to sell? When to sell? Whom to sell to? What form to sell in? What price to sell for?
    • Do you get real-time market information and market intelligence on proposed crops?
  11. Policies and schemes
    • Do Government policies favour your crops?
    • Is there any existing scheme which incentives your crop?
    • Are you eligible to avail those benefits?
  12. Public and private extension influence
    • Do you have access to the Agricultural Technology Management Agency (ATMA)/ Departmental extension functionaries to get advisory?
    • Do you know the Kissan Call Center?
    • Do you have access to KVKs, Agricultural Universities and ICAR organizations?
    • Do you subscribe to agricultural magazines?
    • Do you read agricultural articles in newspapers?
    • Do you get any support from input dealers, Agribusiness Companies, NGOs, Agriclinics and Agribusiness Centers?
  13. Availability of required agricultural inputs including agricultural credit
    • Do you get adequate agricultural inputs such as seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, and implements in time?
    • Do you have access to institutional credit?
  14. Post-harvest storage and processing technologies
    • Do you have your own storage facility?
    • If not, do you have access to such a facility?
    • Do you have access to the primary processing facility?
    • Do you know technologies for value addition of your crop?
    • Do you have market linkage for value-added products?
    • Are you aware of the required quality standards of value-added products of proposed crops?

ASSIGNMENT : Factors to Consider for Selection of Crops Assignment MARKS : 10  DURATION : 1 week, 3 days


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